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Home Wildlife Travels Extensive Tribal Wildlife Tour
Extensive Tribal Wildlife Tour
Duration : 26 Days
Destinations : Calcutta - Bhubaneswa - Konark - Chilka - Taptapani - Rayagada - Kothgarh - Jeypore - Ankadeli - Lamptaput - Jeypore - Kunduli - Nandapu - Jagdalpur - Kanger Valley - Chitrakote - Nagarnar - Narayanpur - Kanker - Kawardah - Kanha - Pench - Nagpur.


The tropical state of Orissa lures the adventurous traveler with its mystique of indigenous tribes and ancient temples.

Orissa is generally the destination for third-time visitors to India--those who have seen the famous monuments of the north and the natural beauty of the south.

Accommodations here are basic and the roads can be rough; but for those with a passion for traveling 'off-the-beaten-path,'

Orissa is a rewarding experience. Orissa, the lush green state, girdled by the Bay of Bengal, has seen some of the best fusion of traditional Indian art in its many temples and monuments, and has been able to preserve much of it, in an environment natural to its wonder and attractions. It was in Orissa, that Buddhism found some of its strongest exposure, and cult following. However, it was Hindu art that dominated the landscape, eventually, and resulted in the profusion of temple traditions, that have endured till now.
Heavily forested, and isolated, Orissa was once famous for its majestic battle elephants. But life in Orissa revolved around temples, and that the Oriyas lived lives free of strife, is evident from the fact that the state has few forts or fortified palaces to its credit, indicative of centuries of peace and harmony.

Although known throughout the ancient world as a formidable maritime empire with trading routes stretching to Bali, Sumatra and Java, the history of Orissa, then called Kalinga, is a little hazy until the demise of the Kalinga dynasty in 260 BC. Ashoka, the Mauryan Emperor, in a bloody battle, conquered Kalinga. Shocked at the carnage Ashoka foreswore violence and converted to Buddhism. Around the 1st century BC, under the rule of the Chedis, Buddhism declined and Jainism was restored as the faith of the people. Monastery caves were created and Udayagiri and Khandagiri became important Jain centres. By the 7th century AD Hinduism had, in turn supplanted Jainism and under the Kesari and Ganga kings, trades and commerce flourished. Countless temples from that classical period stand today. The Oriyas defied the Muslim rulers until the region fell to the Mughals in the 16th century. Since then the Afghans, Marathas and the British successively ruled Orissa.

Orissa is predominantly rural, with fertile green coastal plains rising to the hills of the Eastern Ghats. The State is mineral rich and is a big exporter of iron ore. The Oriyas, 25% of who are ADIVASIS (indigenous tribes) are very friendly and hospitable and the atmosphere of the State is generally relaxed.

Most of the state's attractions are close to each other, and convenient access is provided out of the state capital, Bhubaneswar. The capital itself is an intriguing amalgam of the old and the new, an emerging modern Indian city, that is steeped in the roots of the traditions of its glorious past, without being overwhelmed by it.

Welcome to the tribal land of Orissa - The southwestern part of Orissa contains the largest concentration of tribal people in the sub continent. There are more than 62 tribal communities in Orissa. They have retained their tradition in-spite of the onslaught of the modern civilization. Visit to some of the tribal villages and participate in their dance and festival. Discover the original man-nature proximity trekking amid the deep gorges and rivers or during a ritual tribal dance on a full moon night. The soft mist, the local-brew and a campfire make a heady mixture indeed. This is an adventure that offers unique experience, which the visitor fondly remembers for years to come.

The antiquity of Orissa is endorsed by her ancient people - They continue to inhabit their traditional dwelling places in remote areas of the deep forests and hilly interiors. Steeped in the mystery that surrounds their ancient ways, the Orissan tribal continue to be a source of deep interest not only for anthropologists and sociologists but also for numerous tourists who flock to Orissa in search of the exotic mystique of this relatively unexplored state. The tribal economy is by and large based on activities around the jungles. Hunting and fishing continue to be the main source of livelihood though some of the larger tribes such as Santals, Mundas, and Gonds have become agriculturists. The Juang, Bhuyan, Bondo, Saura, and Dhruba tribes follow the shifting cultivation practice. The Koya tribals are cattle breeders while the Mahali and Lohara are simple artisans involved in basket weaving and tool making. The Santal, Munda and other tribes have now also become involved in the mining and industrial belt of Orissa. Though their economy is shaky, the Orissan tribal enjoy a rich and varied cultural heritage, the most powerful instance of this being in their music and dance, which are as colorful as they are rhythmical. The cycle of life offers numerous reasons to celebrate and is done so with vigor and grace - either in the privacy of family home or as a community activity. The changing seasons, religious customs, and the traditional rhythms of superstitious belief are strong incentives for creating a string of festivals to augment their importance to the tribal.

The Paraja tribe is primarily located in the Kalahandi and Koraput regions of Orissa. The language is "Parji". They worship numerous gods and goddesses who live in the hills and forests. They love dance and music during weddings.

The "Soura" tribe is one of the most ancient and they are known for being marathon walkers, expert hunters and climbers. Personal hygiene is of intense importance to them.

The "Bondos" are fiercely independents and aggressive, and continue to practice the barter system of exchanging produce from their fields for their daily needs. Bondo women prefer to marry younger men because they can have someone who will earn for them in their old age.

The Kutias are the primitive section of the Kondh tribal community. Kutias were also quite famous till the recent years for their unique tradition of 'Maria'(human) sacrifice. Dongria Kondhs, also a primitive section of the Kondh community are expert horticulturists and maintain a quite distinct cultural heritage.

Madhya Pradesh, in its present form, came into existence on November 1,2000 following its bifurcation to create a new state of Chhattisgarh.The undivided Madhya Pradesh was founded on November 1, 1956.Madhya Pradesh, because of its central location in India, has remained a crucible of historical currents from North, South, East and West.

Madhya Pradesh is the richest state in the country in respect of painted rock-shelters, the majority of which have been found in the districts of Sehore, Bhopal, Raisen, Hoshangabad and Sagar. During the ascendancy of the Guptas the whole region came under the domain of the imperial Guptas and subsequently formed part of Harshvardhan's empire. With the decline in imperial power the province was broken up into small principalities contending forever to establish their supremacy over one another. Chandels were one such dynasty claiming descent from the moon, who carved out a strong prosperous kingdom for themselves after the decline of the great empire. There was a short spell of inspired construction activity under the Chandels in the 10th to 11th centuries. They are the ones who have left behind the cluster of matchless temples at Khajuraho. 

Chandels were followed by Pratihara and Gaharwar Rajput dynasties claiming mythical origins relating their scions to the gods or heroes in the epics. They lived and died by a difficult code of chivalry, wasted away scarce resources in an expensive feudal life style and could not ultimately keep at bay the expanding Muslim power. Rulers of Malwa fought a running battle with the subedars of Gujarat or the commanders of the Sultan of Delhi throughout the sultanate period. The grand Moghul Akbar succeeded in subduing most of them and his sterner grandson Aurangzeb broke through the last pockets of resistance in this region.
Many of the smaller kingdoms trace their origins to the lands granted by the emperor at Delhi to those who had served him well. Bir Singh Deo of Orchcha was for instance installed on his throne by Jehangir who felt obliged to the Bundela chieftain for having removed a painful thorn - Abul Fazal, from his side. Abul Fazal one of the nine jewels of Akbar's court and was murdered at his behest near Gwalior.

Some other principalities came into being with branching of families, internecine quarrels and the munificence of the Marathas who were indomitable with the decline of the Moghuls. Rulers of Ratlam and Sitamau claim close relationship with the ruling house of Jodhpur in Rajasthan.

In course of time the Marathas were replaced by the British who entered into treaty relationships with these princely states and established paramountcy over them. This was the Raj period when the Central Provinces were left for the large part outside developments in British India. The Maharajas were free to indulge in their expensive whims much to the chagrin of their poor populace. This is the world evoked by Kipling in his jungle Book and chronicled by E M Forster in The Hill of Devi. Jhabua, Nagod, Alirajpur, Sarguja, Dewas Senior and junior were quaint names of exotic places where eccentric Englishmen could strive to carve out a career or amass a fortune or simply drop out to. These were destinations where the Prince of Wales or the Viceroy could be taken out for the treat of his life - a tiger shoot, or to savour the extravagant life style of the Maharajas. Most of these blue blooded gentry were content to be renowned for their prowess with a heavy gun or patronage of arts and crafts.

The stirrings of the national movement were slow in this region as most of the area was not directly ruled by the British. Undaunted freedom fighters carried Mahatma Gandhi's message to the masses and exhorted them to take up the battle against colonialism. Some like Subhadra Kumari Chauhan nostalgically evoked the regional tradition of valour to inspire her compatriots.

Independence of India was followed by the merger of hundreds of princely states into the union, with the foundation of the Republic on 26 January 1950. The boundaries were rationalized with reorganisation of states and Madhya Pradesh assumed its present face.
Bastar (Ba-stir) is the most underdeveloped district of Madhya Pradesh in Central India. About 70% of Bastar is full of dense forest with 72% of the population being tribal (1979).

    • Abujamara
    • Agaria
    • Baiga
    • Bhaina
    • Bharia
    • Bhatra
    • Bhil
    • Bhilala
    • Binjhwar
    • Bhumiya
    • Bhunjia
    • Dhanwar
    • Dhoba
    • Dhurwa
    • Dorla
    • Galba
    • Gond
    • Halba
    • Kalang
    • Kamar
    • Kawar
    • Khairwar
    • Kharia
    • Khond
    • Kol
    • Korku
    • Korwa
    • Majhwar
    • Munda
    • Muria
    • Naragrchi
    • Nagesia
    • Nihal
    • Ojha
    • Oraon
    • Pao
    • Pardhan
    • Saharia
    • Savar
    • Sund
The Bhils are the third largest tribe in India after the Gonds and the Santhals. In the state of Madhya Pradesh, they are prominently found in the Dhar, Jhabua, and West Nimar regions. Anthropologists believe that the word Bhil is derived from the Dravidian word bil or vil, meaning a bow.

Over a period of time, the Bhils have given up hunting, and have taken to agriculture. They use very primitive tools, and even their agricultural style is very simplistic. Bhil villages are generally dispersed, and each village consists of thirty to forty families. They worship numerous Hindu deities, chiefly a deity by the name of Raja Pantha. Bhils also worship crops, fields, water, the forest, and the mountains.
The Bhil dialect consists of Rajsthani, Gujarati, Hindi, Marathi words, and also some unique words without any non-Sanskrit elements in it.

Sawang is a popular form of entertainment among the Bhil tribals that consists of story telling combined with dancing and music. In the 1940s Uday Shankar tried to expose the performing arts of this tribe to the outside world.

The Gonds live in tiny villages. Early in the morning they go to nearby townships, work the entire day and return home in the night with purchases. They walk home talking about politics and checking to see if they got a good deal with the merchandise. If they have to transport large quantities, they use a cart belonging to the MAHABHARAT period! Once one of bullocks pulling the cart was a muscular bull and other was a tiny baby. The riders had a hard time maintaining the balance. These villagers have the habits of greeting of one and everybody with "Jairamjiki." The wealthy ones ride a horse. The Gond women always walk in teams. They have muscular and well built bodies as if carved out of black marble. They wear saris of red, blue, green extending to nine yards. They wear a lot of jewelry mostly made of silver, and other cheap metals.

Wealthy Gond families use bullock carts when traveling to city. They tie bamboo carpets in an arch to protect from the sun. They decorate the carts with animal motifs. They have wooden grills around the cart to prevent goods and people from falling. It is typical that the Gond man walks beside the bullock cart as a cart-guard. When the bullocks get tired, they rest them under a tree, share the food and resume the journey.

The young ones also wear the same attire as the elders. It's funny to see infant girls in sarees. The girls and boys mix freely and hang out together. When they encounter a stranger, they pass them quietly and immediately burst into laughter making the strangers uncomfortable.

Since Gond women work for paltry sums of money, they are popular workers in the towns. Washing dishes, cutting wood, and hauling goods are typical jobs they perform. Since they are simple and honest they do not require supervision. Many women are self-employed and carry grass and wood from forest and sell it in the marketplace. They also buy goods from towns on the way home. Typically they buy butter, mangos, and bananas. Just to sell goods worth four or five Rupees sometimes the women have to wait whole day. They are careful spenders and are often ignored by merchants.


Day 01:Arrival in Calcutta:

Company representatives will receive you on arrival at the international airport in Calcutta. Transfer to your hotel.

Relax for the day.

Day 02:Calcutta – Bhubaneswar:
By Air
Flight                    : CD 7278
Airlines                 : Indian Airlines
Aircraft                : Boeing 737
Departure           : 1800 hr
Arrival                  : 1855 hr
Stopovers           : Nil
Class                    : Economy

Breakfast will be at hotel. Relax in the morning. Walk in the local market which is right by the hotel.

Check-out at 12 noon. In the afternoon visit the Kalighat Temple & Victoria Memorial.

Built in 1809 on the site of a much older temple, Kalighat gave the city its name Kolkatta which was anglicized into Calcutta. Today the city has reverted to its original name. The patron goddess of the city, legend has it that when Shiva’s wife’s corpse was cut up, one of her fingers fell here making it an important place of pilgrimage. From this bastion of Hindu faith we travel to yet another landmark in the city which marks the British reign in India, The Victoria Memorial. A combination of Italian renaissance and Mughal architecture, it was the British attempt to replicate the Taj Mahal and is a museum dedicated to the Raj.

Transfer to airport for flight to Bhubaneshwar.

Day 03:Bhubneswar:

Bhubneswar is the capital of the ancient kingdom of Orissa, and is famous as the temple city of India. Traveling through the state of Orissa is a blend of art, architecture and ancient cultures.

This morning we tour Bhubaneswar which has some stunning temples clustered around the Bindusagar Tank. Of the original 7000 only 500 remain dating from the 7th century to the 11th century. Of these the most outstanding is the 11th century Lingaraja Temple which represents the peak of Orissa art and the late 10th century beautifully decorated Muktesvara temple which belongs to the end of the phase of temple building.

Outside the city limits are the Udayagiri and Khandgiri caves which date from the 2nd century, during the time of Jain and Buddhist occupation of this region. The Jain caves are among the earliest in India and all the caves were built during the 150 years before Christ. In contrast to the stark décor of the Jain caves, the Budhhist caves are decorated with excellent friezes and sculptures.

Spend night at Bhubaneshwar.

Day 04:Bhubneswar – Konark:
By road 75 km in 2 hr

On the drive to Konark, we will stop at Dhauli where the Kalinga warlord Ashok renounced bloody warfare and embraced the teachings of Buddha. We visit the Peace Pagoda known as the Shanti Stupa built in early 1970 by Japanese Buddhas. We also stop at two ancient rock edicts, today eclipsed by the presence of the Pagoda. Dating from 260 BC they outline AshokaÕs detailed instructions to his admininstrators to rule with gentleness and fairness. Our next stop is the colorful village of Pipili where we can see Orissan Handicrafts, the specialty famous applique work. We arrive at Toshali Sands Resort early afternoon (midway between Bhubaneswar and Puri, well located on the highway with access to the beach)

Overnight will be at Konark/Puri.

Day 05:Konark & Puri:

Visit to the Temple - Chariot of The Sun God, built by King Langula Narasimha Deva in the thirteenth century A.D. in the golden era of Orissan art. This crowning piece of Orissan architecture and sculpture is sheer poetry in stone.

Everyday the Sun God rises from the lap of the blue ocean close by and casts his first gentle rays on the sanctum sanctorum and then circles the temple during the course of the day, illuminating the three magnificent images of the morning sun, the mid-day sun and the setting sun.

As you approach the water, you will see rising from the golden sandy beach, one of the country’s most vivid archeological treasures - The Sun Temple. For a millennium, this temple has been a beacon to sailors at sea. Despite the fact that the Black Pagoda, as it was referred to by European soldiers who wanted to distinguish Konark from the whitewashed Jagannath Temple in Puri, lies in ruins, the structure is magnificent.

Puri, the popular beach resort, is one of the four holy abodes in India. It offers the rare experience of watching both sunset and sunrise from the same beach. Pre-Dravidian and pre-Aryan history relates that a tooth of Buddha was temporarily enshrined in Puri before being moved to Sri Lanka. Supporting the theory that Buddhism prevailed in this area, the Jaganath Temple, to the Lord of the Universe, and the main attraction in Puri, was believed to have originally been a stupa. The extraordinary form Jaganath takes in this temple is said to be the unfinished work of the craftsman god, Vishvakarna. Angry at Vishnu, he left his portrayal of the god incomplete.

Overnight will be at Konark/Puri.

Day 06:Konark – Chilka:
By road 150 km in 5 hr

Morning excursionto the artisan village Raghurajpur near Puri which specializes in pattrachitrs - an art using vivid colors painted on palm leaves. You will also see the ancient art of palm leaf etching which, in the 16th century, was used to illustrate manuscripts. It was this technique which helped shape the Oriya script to its present rounded form. In the afternoon we will visit the community at Belakati which specializes in work with bell metal.

The drive to Chilka Lake takes us through scenic countryside and attractive villages. Chilka lies in the heart of coastal Orissa. Spread over 1,100 sq km, this is the country's largest lake. It is dotted with islands, has the richest variety of aquatic life, and is a bird watcher's paradise when migratory birds arrive in winter.

Sunset and sunrise are memorable experiences here.

Overnight will be at Chilka.

Day 07:Chilka – Taptapani:
By road 150 km in 4 hr

Rising early we visit the lake to view the avian life and Kalijai Temple, abode of the presiding deity of the lake, located on the tiny island. In the winters the lake attracts migratory birds from Iran, Central Asia and Siberia. We will also be able to watch the fishermen at work, who come here in search of prawns, mackerel and crabs.

Drive to Tapatapani in the afternoon.

Enjoy the small hot springs in this peaceful village. Water from the very hot sulphur springs which were discovered here in a forest setting, is channelled to a pool for bathing. There is a shrine to goddess Kandhi inside the original pool which is believed to cure infertility. You may also like to visit Chandragiri, 36kms away, where a community of Tibetan refugees support themselves by weaving carpets.

Overnight will be at Taptapani.

Day 08:Taptapani – Rayagada:
By road 220 km in 7 hr

Orissa has the third highest concentration of tribals in India and because of the remoteness of the areas where they live, The tribes are untouched by modern times. Each has a distinct language and pattern of social and religious customs. Though economically challenged and a very low rate of literacy, the tribal groups have highly developed artistic skills as seen in their body paintings, ornaments, weaving and wall paintings. Music and dance also are an integral part of their ceremonies and seasonal festivals. During the next six days we will be visiting some of these tribal settlements.

On the 220 km drive today we will stop at the villages of the Saoras, a major tribe who live in hilly areas. In contrast to other tribes who live in clans, the Saoras live in extended families descended from a common ancestor. The village is administered by a headman who is assisted by a religious leader and village shamans, or medicine men, who are able to communicate with deceased ancestors.

The walls of the mud houses are decorated with remarkable paintings, traditional designs. Today is market day for this tribe so we will have time to wander the tribal market.

Day 9:Rayagada – Kothgarh – Rayagada:
By road 180 km in 6 hr

The excursion today takes us to the Kothgarh tribal area. The most numerous, they speak Kuvi, a language derived from the Dravidian strain of Southern India. Human sacrifice has now been replaced with animal sacrifice, offering the blood to their surpreme goddess represented by a piece of wood or stone to ensure fertility of the soil. The members of this tribe still use bows and arrows to protect themselves from wild animals. Today is also market day. Return to Rayagada for overnight.

Day 10:Rayagada – Jeypore:
By road 250 km in 7 hr

Morning proceed to Chatikona (40 km) to witness the Interesting & colourful weekly market of the Dongaria kondh tribes.

This day the interesting ornamental Tribes come down from their mountain will known as Niayamgiri hill range. This is a unique opportunity to witness them before they come and mix with other community in the market, so we will take you 2/3 km from the market near the Niyamgiri hill, so to watch & enjoy the community coming down with different kinds of fruits, animal etc.

Enjoy free time in the market.

Overnight will be at Jeypore.

Day 11:Jeypore – Ankadeli – Lamptaput – Jeypore:
By road 140 km in 7 hr

After early breakfast proceed to Ankadelli.

It is 70 km to witness the most primitive, interesting & unique tribal weekly market of the Bonda tribes. The place is the border of the neighboring state of Andhra Pradesh, divided by river Machkund, with interest waterfall, mountain & forest.

You will be taken inside for about 2/3km walk to witness the Bonda man & woman coming down from the forest side. It is being considered that at present Bondas are the most primitive tribe of India or otherwise known as the Nakate tribes of the mountain. Bonda women with their silver & brass rings around the neck, hundred of necklaces on the body, shaved hair a small cloth wrapped down to cover half of the private areas are out of any history book. In the other side the Bonda men with their bow & arrow with country made liquor - A fascinating one to watch.

Photography in the market is restricted, so you can take photo on this time.

Enjoy free time in the market. In the afternoon, proceed to Lamtaput area to explore another primitive tribal community the Gdabas - you can watch the most colorful tribal dance called DEMSA.

Drive to Jeypore in the late afternoon.

Overnight will be at Jeypore.

Day 12:Jeypore – Kunduli – Nandapur – Jeypore:
By road

After breakfast in the morning proceed to witness the biggest tribal weekly market of Sanaparoja & Mali tribes in Kunduli 65 km away via Sunabeda. It is a very colorful market.

Later drive down to Nandapur to visit village of Sanaparoja tribes.

Visit village khilus. Saana Padar, Bda Padar with small trekking and later later drive down to Jeypour.

You can also morning proceed to Gupteswar 70 km to visit the villages of very interesting dhuruba tribe. Visit and walk through villages of Ramanguda, Dogariguda, Silpader, Talur etc. There is an interesting tribe where the males like to put ornaments living in the border of Madhya Pradesh. Visit the Cave temple of lord Shiva in the hidden mountain famous among the tribes.

Later drive down to Nuagaon to witness the beautiful tribal weekly market of Sana Paroja and then back to hotel at evening.

Spend the night at Jeypore.

Day 13:Jeypore – Jagdalpur:
By road 80 km in 3 hr

Breakfast will be at hotel.

Drive down to Jagdalpur, Bastar after breakfast. The drive should take us about 3 hours but you'll hardly notice it as the road is good. Here you get your first glimpse of the stunning forests of Keshkal and Bastar.

Ovenight will be at Jagdalpur.

Day 14:Jagdalpur – Kanger Valley National Park:
By road 150 km in 3 hr

Make sure you have enough film because after breakfast we'll head out for the Kanger Valley National Park to enjoy one of the finest virgin forests tracts on earth.

We'll also explore one of the limestone caves here, known for beautiful stalgmite and stalactite formations. This is tribal country and weve arranged for you to meet some of the tribal people in their homes. It will be a wonderful opportunity to interact with them and lern something about their culture. We've planned a leisurely picnic lunch at the popular Tirthgarh Falls. Just relax - enjoy the falls and the lush vegetation.

You'll be back at your hotel for dinner.

Day 15:Jagdalpur – Chitrakote – Nagarnar – Jagdalpur:
By road 150 km in 4 hr

After breakfast we'll be heading out for the famous Chitrakote Falls, the Niagara - like horseshoe waterfall created by Bastar's Indravati River. You'll have plenty of time to take pictures and be mesmerized by the rainbows arching across the turbulent flow. On your way back for lunch at the hotel we'll be stopping at the Anthropological Museum to give you an interesting insight into Bastar's tribal culture. After lunch we'll drive to Nagarnar, famous for its terracotta handicrafts. Vrindavan, one of the local craftsmen, participated in the Festival of India held in London in 1981.

You'll be back in the hotel for dinner.

Day 16:Jagadalpur:

In the morning we'll visit a 'haat' (weekly market) where you can enjoy a slice of local life.

After lunch at the hotel, explore the town, or relax and do your own thing.

Day 17:Jagdalpur – Narayanpur – Kanker:

Breakfast will be at the hotel.

Visit the HAAT.

Drive to Kanker – the princely state.

En-route, enjoy the side trip to Narayanpur, which is known for its excellent handicrafts. The bell metal, wood, wrought iron and bamboo artifacts are wonderful. Another interesting place here is the Ramakrishna Mission centre, where you can meet some of the people involved in very valuable welfare work amongst the tribal people.

Upon arrival at Kanker Palace, the Maharaja's family will greet you and show you to your suite. Over drinks and dinner, family members will be happy to interpret and explain the folklore and tradition of the State they once ruled. They will also introduce you to a performance of the traditional music and dance of the region.

The family of late Maharajadhiraj Udai Pratap Deo has opened part of their private residence to visitors, maintaining an informal elegance amid many mementoes of their royal past. Once a keen hunter, the former head of the Kanker family became a dedicated conservationist in later years.

Trophies of earlier times adorn the Palace walls, with traditional touches like the cloth punkah (fan) as well as more conventional mod-cons in the three double guest suites.

Overnight stay will be at Kanker Palace.

Day 18:Kanker – Kawardah:

After Breakfast drive to the former Princely State of Kawardha.

Kawardha, 140 kms to the north of Raipur, is situated at the edge of the Maikal Hill range. It is an isolated town still possessing reminders of India's cultural heritage. This region is predominantly tribal with the Gond and the Baiga tribes still inhabiting the inaccessible areas of the Gondwana land, south of Jabalpur. In some easily accessible tribal villages one can get a feel of tribal life. The main tourist attractions include Kawardha Palace, Bhoramdeo Temples, Saroda Reservoir, Sahaspur Wildlife Sanctuary, etc.

You will be shown to your Palace suite before lunch in the State Dining Room.

Kawardha Palace was designed and built by Maharaja Dharamraj Singh in the period 1936 to 1939 AD, using Italian marble and stone. It is set amidst 11 acres of private lush gardens. The main entrance to the palace grounds is known as the Haathi Darwaza or Elephant Gate. The Durbar Hall has an impressive dome, marble staircases, beautiful filigree work and high ceiling lounges.

Enjoy an afternoon of familiarization with Palace Kawardha and nearby cultural sites, including the captivating Bhoramdeo Temple complex.

You return to the Palace at sunset is followed by a welcome drink to meet the royal family, with traditional Chhattisgarhi dance entertainment and then dinner.

Overnight will be at Kawardah.

Day 19:Kawardha:

Breakfast will be at the palace.

A well-versed Palace guide will accompany you on an introduction to the secrets of Kawardha's little-known natural and tribal world. You will meet the gentle and friendly Baiga people, the principal indigenous forest tribe. Enjoy picnic lunch with them. An evening return to Palace Kawardha precedes a royal family dinner.

Overnight stay will be at Kawardha.

Day 20:Kawardha:

Breakfast will be at the palace.

The day will be spent interacting with locals and visit the tribal markets close by. Spend time in the palace.

You will also visit the SAHASPUR WILDLIFE SANCTUARY.

Sahaspur Wildlife Sanctuary, 21 kms from Kawardha, is home to a wide variety of animal species including leopards, sloth bears, cheetal, jackals, jungle cats, etc. There is a tank in the forest and home to a variety of avifauna including teals, herons, egrets, lapwings, kingfishers, ducks, stilts, doves, wagtails, oriels, sunbirds, woodpeckers, raptors and night birds etc. Night drives through the park can be arranged, after receiving permission from the Forest Department. There is also a temple nearby that is a popular pilgrimage site and visitors who are not locals would be charged a nominal fee to visit this site.

Overnight will be at Kawardah.

Day 21Kawardah – Kanha:

Drive after breakfast to the national park of Kanha.

Kanha National Park, which is one of the most well known tiger reserves worldwide, is located among the Banjar and Halon valleys in the Mandla / Balaghat districts of the state of Madhya Pradesh. Its creation took place among, and after, a lot of turbulence and storm within concerned circles regarding rampant killing of wildlife in the area at the time. The central Kanha valley was declared a sanctuary way back in 1933 but got it's status as a National Park in 1955. It covers a large area of 1,945 square kilometers, out of which 940 square kilometers form the main park. The altitude of the park ranges from 450 meters to 900 meters above sea level. The temperature, depending on the season, ranges from 0 degrees in the winters to 48 degrees in the summers. The park remains open from the 01st of November to the 30th of June. Sometimes, as with most parks of the country, it can be closed earlier if the monsoon season arrives sooner than expected. The park has a heavy monsoon season with an average annual rainfall of 1600mm. The basic infrastructure at the park is well developed and visits can "mostly" be expected to pass without any problems.

Kanha is also famous for its animal conservation efforts made in collaboration and cooperation with the local resident communities. One of the famous success stories of the park is the survival of the Barasingha population in the park. Kanha boasts of many such success stories of which this is only an example.

Enjoy the trek in the areas around the national park.

Overnight will be at Kanha.

Day 22:Kanha:

After Breakfast Visit the National Park. Take two Jeep Safaris to the park.

Overnight will be at Kanha.

Day 23:Kanha:

After Breakfast Visit the National Park. Take two Jeep Safaris to the park.

Overnight will be at Kanha.

Day 24:Kanha – Pench:

Drive to Pench which is a short distance away after breakfast.

It is situated in the Seoni District of Southern Madhya Pradesh and runs in continuation with Pench National Park in Maharashtra and is well connected by an all weather metalloid road network to other important places in Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. Recently in 1992, Pench has been included under the umbrella of "Project Tiger" as the 19th Project Tiger Reserve.

A total of 758 Sq. km of this Indian tropical moist deciduous forest has its extent mingling with the tropical dry deciduous teak. The area is crisscrossed by a number of streams and 'nallahs' most of which are seasonal. Though the Pench River dries up in April end, a number of water pools locally known as 'dohs' are found which serve as water holes for the wild animals. The Pench Reservoir at the center of the park is the only major water source during the “pinch” period.

It is blessed with forests spread in all the direction. As per the physiognomy, the forest type is southern tropical dry deciduous teak and southern tropical mixed deciduous forest with other species of shrubs, trees and climbers. Teak and its associates - moyan, mahua, mokha, skiras, tendu, bija, achar, garari, aonla, ghont, baranga, amaltas, kihamali, khair, palas grow here abundantly. Bamboo occurs sparsely, restricted to some valley.

As a prey concentration is high along the Pench River, tiger usually inhabits frequents this belt. Leopards though generally operate in the peripheral areas but are occasionally seen in the deep forest also. Jungle cats are commonly seen. Leopard cats, small Indian civets and palm civets are common but seen rarely.

In Pench, Cheetal, Sambar, nilgai are commonly seen grazing on the open sites on roadsides and banks of river & reservoir. Jackals can be seen in search of food anywhere in the Park. Packs up to 15 of wild dog can be seen near Chhedia, Jamtara, Bodanala and Pyorthadi areas of the Reserve. Herds of gaur can be spotted near streams and bamboo patches commonly in summer months. Sloth beer occupies hilly, rocky out crops and they favour mahul bel infested forest. Chnkara is present in very small numbers and is found in open areas around Turia, Telia and Dudhgaon villages.

Langoors are very common in Pench, whereas the Rhesus monkeys may be seen occasionally on the fringes. Pench boasts of more than 210 species of birds that include several migratory ones also. Commonly seen are Peafowl, Red jungle fowl, Crow pheasant, Crimson breasted barbet, Redvented bulbul, Racket tailed drongo, Magpie robin and lesser whistling teal.

Enjoy the afternoon doing a safari chasing wild dogs. Overnight will be at Pench.

Day 25:Pench:

In the morning go for a game drive with packed breakfast. Explore the areas around the submergence zone, go boating on the Pench river. Simultaneously, elephants will be used to track the tigers. When an elephant manages to spot a tiger, you will mount the elephant and be taken to the area where the tiger has been found.

In the afternoon enjoy a drive again but this time to the villages bordering the forest to talk and mix with the tribals.

Overnight will be at Pench.

Day 26:Pench – Nagpur:
By road
Nagpur – Mumbai – Home:
By Air
Flight                    : To be announced
Airlines                 : Indian Airlines
Aircraft                : Boeing 737
Departure           : Late morning
Arrival                  : Noon

Breakfast will be at resort.

In the morning after breakfast drive to Nagpur for flight to Mumbai.

Reach and transfer to connecting international flight home.